In coating or painting, before covering the surface of a substrate with a protective material, the surface is first tested and analyzed. The results obtained from the inspection provide the right material and solutions for the project. Therefore, spec writing will act as a plan or map to the buyer or owner. Specification writing is the skill of communication where projects are described on the basis of solutions that stand as key guides to successful workmanship. The writing is done in such a way that it provides stages and plans to be executed that will, in the end, provide a cost-effective venture.
The independent specification hypothesis can be true only if each candidate stimulus parameter always varies uniquely with the corresponding physical event. Without such specification, it remains unclear why some changes made in conversation lead to corrections, and others don’t. Management made no clear specification of the size of the sales territory that each salesperson was to cover.
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Alternative specifications, such as including exploration costs into our model or different assumptions about future world oil prices, could alter our results. We have developed a template specification language that allows the definition of spreadsheet templates that describe possible spreadsheet evolutions. Those specifications mention only purely functional objects, which are explicitly related later to the implementations. We all need to be working from the same set of specifications. In many contexts, particularly software, specifications are needed to avoid errors due to lack of compatibility, for instance, in interoperability issues.
Specifications are a type of technical standard that may be developed by any of various kinds of organizations, in both the public and private sectors. In addition to the changes related to the 2007 Ethanol Rule, this submittal contained revisions to NR 405 and 408 with respect to the definition of “replacement unit” and how calculations are to be performed under a Plantwide Applicability Limit . EPA approved the changes to replacement unit and PAL calculations in a separate action on May 6, 2021 . When the team agrees that functional specification consensus is reached, the functional spec is typically declared “complete” or “signed off”. After this, typically the software development and testing team write source code and test cases using the functional specification as the reference.
Construction specifications in North America
The documentation typically describes various inputs that can be provided to the software system and how the system responds to those inputs. While there is a tendency to believe that “specifications overrule drawings” in the event of discrepancies between the text document and the drawings, the actual intent must be made explicit in the contract between the Owner and the Contractor. The standard AIA and EJCDC states that the drawings and specifications are complementary, together providing the information required for a complete facility.
The Public Inspection page may also include documents scheduled for later issues, at the request of the issuing agency. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘spec.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Damages In an action for infringement of a patent, compensation for prior infringements can be awarded; however, compensation will be denied for use of the invention before the date the patent was issued. Where there is an infringement, the court will award the patentee actual damages adequate to compensate for the loss in an amount that is equal to a reasonable royalty for the infringing use, together with interest or costs set by the court. If the jury in a trial does not determine the amount of damages, the court will. In either case, the court, under the authority of statute, can increase the damages awarded by the jury up to three times the amount determined, called treble damages.
Translations of specification
This situation might arise when substantially similar elements that produce, or are capable of producing, the same results are found in previously invented machines that are known and commercially used. In exchange for this broad, exclusive right over an invention, patent holders must disclose their invention to the public in terms that are sufficient to allow others in the same field to make use of it. An improvement is any addition to, or alteration in, a known process, machine, manufacture, or composition that produces a useful result. The right to a patent of an improvement is restricted to the improvement itself and does not include the process, machine, or article improved.
- In the United States, the initial right to file for a patent rests with the actual inventor, even if that person is an employee who creates the invention in the course and scope of his or her employment using employer resources.
- The National Building Specification is owned by the Royal Institute of British Architects through their commercial group RIBA Enterprises .
- Statutory Bar Section 102 of 35 U.S.C.A. provides a statutory bar to some otherwise meritorious inventions.
- Treble damages are punitive and awarded only in certain instances, such as when the infringer intentionally, in bad faith, infringed the patent.
- Also be aware that AMD laptops will probably never have Thunderbolt 4 ports, which is a specification Intel created and charges licensing fees to use.
A detailed description of the hardware installed, including the memory capacity, processor speed, and graphics card model. Compatibility with items like security cameras, doorbells, speakers, and more advanced sensors and devices is due to arrive in a later specification. On Europe’s generally optimistic WLTP protocol, Lotus says that the less powerful Eletre can go up to 373 miles on a full charge when running on optional 20-inch wheels; 22-inchers will actually be the standard specification in Europe.
More Definitions of Specification
The licensor, the individual who issued the license to another, ordinarily requires the payment of a royalty for the use of the patent. Former U.S. patent law only allowed inventive activity that actually took place within the borders of the country to establish a date of invention. GATT has changed this restriction to allow foreign inventors to prove inventive activity that took place in another country to show a date of invention. GATT addressed this issue that for many years was a disadvantage for U.S. trading partners. Inventors are not required to participate in the patent system, and they can elect instead to try to keep their invention a trade secret.
A data sheet describes the technical characteristics of an item or product, often published by a manufacturer to help people choose or use the products. A data sheet is not a technical specification in the sense of informing how to produce. Generally, more than just text is needed to record desired system features. Diagrams like requirement and use case diagrams are also used to visualize the relationships to other elements like test cases or block diagrams.
This prototype edition of the daily Federal Register on FederalRegister.gov will remain an unofficial informational resource until the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register issues a regulation granting it official legal status. For complete information about, and access to, our official publications and services, go to About the Federal Register on NARA’s archives.gov. Spec writing involves the use of certain layout styles and language formalities. Designing requires a good description of your product, which might be complex and involving.
A term used in the civil law, by which is meant a person’s making a new species or subject from materials belonging to another. An inventor forfeits the right to a patent when she delays making a claim or hides the invention for an extensive period of time because such conduct unduly postpones the time that the public would be entitled to the subsequent free use of the invention. Delay in applying for a patent does not constitute abandonment if the inventor can demonstrate that she never intended to abandon the invention. The application for a patent is accompanied by an oath that the inventor believes herself to be the first and original inventor.
If the results could be reproduced, however, the invention is considered anticipated. The bidder is required to upload, along with the bid, all relevant certificates such as BIS licence, type test certificate, approval certificates and other certificates as prescribed in the Product Specification given in the bid document. Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word spécification. The ASL fingerspelling provided here is most commonly used for proper names of people and places; it is also used in some languages for concepts for which no sign is available at that moment. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. Something specified, as in a bill of particulars; a specified particular, item, or article.
Requirements are the heart of the software requirements specification, so they should not just be slapped together. As implied in the structure, you should at least differentiate between functional and non-functional requirements in the software requirements specification document. Additionally, each requirement needs a unique acronym or an ID to be identifiable. The priority, connectivity or stability should be entered with the description.
Thesaurus Entries Near specification(s)
Federal law imposes a penalty for various forms of false marking, including marking an unpatented article with the word patent, or any term that implies that the article is patented, for the purpose of deceiving the public. If a patent holder fails to mark the patented product as required, he or she may not recover damages for any patent infringement that may take place as a result. Statutory Bar Section 102 of 35 U.S.C.A. provides a statutory bar to some otherwise meritorious inventions. This statutory bar applies regardless of who made the invention discussed in the prior publication. Thus, if an inventor publishes a description of an invention or places the invention for sale or for public use, a statutory bar can result.
An indirect infringer is one who actively encourages another to make, use, or sell a patented invention without permission. A contributory infringer is one who knowingly sells or supplies a part or component of the patented invention to another, unless the component is a staple article of commerce and is suitable for a substantial noninfringing use. A process or instrument used for one https://globalcloudteam.com/ purpose might anticipate an invention that uses essentially the same method for a new use if the latter is so comparable to the original invention that it would be apparent to a person experienced in the field. An invention is not anticipated if it has been produced previously due to an accident but is incapable of being repeated because the necessary knowledge to do so is lacking.
Functional specification topics
Upon expiration of the term, the invention becomes public property and is freely available for use, reproduction, or sale. Patents can be extended for up to five years under limited circumstances, including interference proceedings , secrecy orders, and appellate review. Once a patent is granted, it is regarded as the Personal Property of the inventor. An inventor’s property rights in an invention itself are freely transferable and assignable.
The regulations that EPA is proposing to approve adopt language that is the same as or consistent with the language of EPA’s 2007 Ethanol Rule. The state regulations that EPA is proposing to approve exclude production facilities that produce ethanol by natural fermentation from the “chemical process plants” category. These revisions clarify that an ethanol facility is subject to the PSD major source threshold of 250 tons per year and that such sources need not include fugitive emissions when determining major source applicability under PSD and title V.
Ideas, mental theories, or plans of action alone, without concrete means to implement them, are not patentable, irrespective of how revolutionary and useful to humanity they might be. As defined by the Patent Act, a process is a method of treating certain material to produce a specific physical change in the character or quality of that material. The term manufacture refers to a process whereby an article is made by the art or industry of people. A composition of matter is a compound produced from the combination of two or more specific ingredients that has properties different from, or in addition to, those separately possessed by each ingredient. Specificationmeans the specification of the works included in the contract and any modification thereof. The items of works shall be executed in strict accordance of CPWD specifications.
The human genome represents a biological map of the DNA in a body’s cells. Every cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, and each chromosome houses a single DNA molecule. The chief DNA task is to provide cells with instructions for building thousands of proteins that perform most of the body’s essential chores. Proteins contain amino acids and enzymes that catalyze definition of specification hormones, biochemical reactions, and major structural development, a process known as protein synthesis. A detailed description of requirements, dimensions, materials, etc., as of a proposed building. A specification may refer to a standard which is often referenced by a contract or procurement document, or an otherwise agreed upon set of requirements .
Drawings must be included in a patent application only when they are necessary for understanding the subject for which a patent is sought. If drawings are omitted, the commissioner of patents can require that they be submitted within two months from the time that the inventor receives notice. Drawings that are submitted after that time cannot be used with the application, and a patent can be denied due to the inadequacy of the specification. It shall also include the latest edition including all addenda / corrigenda or relevant BIS Specifications and other relevant codes. Data systems that can process, store and transfer information about food and food products need formal specifications for the representations of data about food and food products in order to operate effectively and efficiently.